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Tag Archives: Retail

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Infographic: Gen Z e-commerce trends — sustainability and the second-hand economy

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Through the pandemic, an interesting trend has emerged in the world of e-commerce, particularly with the Generation Z demographic (individuals born after 1996). Dubbed “recommerce,” the second-hand economy is going strong in terms of buying and selling goods online, and Gen Z buying habits in recommerce are leading the pack among other age demographics.

An eBay study found that Gen Z is buying more pre-owned goods versus other generations. 81% of those surveyed said that buying pre-owned has become more common over the last year.

Businesses and marketplaces alike would be smart to cater to such trends in ecommerce if they are interested in keeping up with Gen Z. On the selling side, 73% of this motivated demographic reported that they are interested in selling second-hand goods for financial benefits — more than double the other generational groups.

An added benefit of the second-hand economy is its practicality in sustainability. Since new goods aren’t being produced in the selling of second-hand goods, waste reduction is a significant savings — one that has been meaningful to Gen Zers.

Learn more about the second-hand economy and sustainability in the eBay Recommerce Report below:

Infographic courtesy eBay Inc.

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Smart supermarkets: How AI is helping stores of all sizes step into the future

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When the first automated Amazon Go store hit the scene, small-to-medium and independent retail businesses thought the concept was only attainable for larger corporations with big budgets. While this was the case at the time, thanks to a number of technological advances over the past decade around artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, retail organizations of any size can now automate their sales floors without incurring unrealistic costs.

Because of the huge potential to reduce overheads associated with employees, improve sales efficiency, and gain valuable insights on product performance, it’s a matter of when, not if, widespread adoption of this AI technology, and these business models, in retail will occur.

So, while the concept of an unclerked, automated store may seem like it’s flown straight out of the pages of a Phillip K. Dick novel, the reality of these smart stores is the opposite of dystopian. Let’s take a look at why this is the case.

Familiar stores, just more efficient

Although the idea of an automated store invokes images of sleek, clinical and futuristic sales floors, stores with AI and machine learning capabilities will look much the same as they do now. This is because the aim of automated stores is to enhance existing retail performance by leveraging machine learning to gain insights around customer behavior, while also improving overall engagement. That said, there will be key differences for patrons — the most obvious being the absence of a cashier and register, as well as the associated lines as customers wait to check out.

The main difference between a standard store and an automated store can be found beneath the surface. Without AI infrastructure, store managers and owners are required to identify customer purchase habits via an analysis of customer demographics, brand availability, economic conditions, store marketing and sales data to maximize their profits. This is a costly and time-consuming process that also leaves room for human mistakes. Through the utilization of AI and machine learning, this function can be completed automatically — while mitigating the risk of human error — via AI-generated, data-driven insights delivered on a dynamic basis.

By utilizing these insights, store owners and managers can:

  • Improve their supply chain and rely on accurate stock counts: This means that store owners can avoid over or understocking issues because stock counts are accurate, and replacement products can be ordered at the optimal time to mitigate shortages.
  • Adjust pricing quickly: Machine learning capabilities identify periods of demand, as well as stock bottlenecks to adjust pricing and ensure maximum profits, as well as the sale of stock before it reaches its “best before” date.
  • Optimize store layout: AI insights reveal customer purchase habits to place items in the optimal position to maximize sales, as well as the chance of impulse purchases.
  • Improve customer experience: Chat bots, voice search, digital signage and other AI functions inform and direct customers to ensure they can find what they’re looking for without sales assistant intervention.

A retail experience customers can rely on

While data-driven insights can maximize profits and optimize inventory management procedures, the benefit of smart stores for customers is the other key selling point of this technology. The main value proposition here is an experience that customers can rely on every time they enter the store, with common pain-points like long lines, sold out items, and the requirement to interact with a cashier removed from the retail experience.

This preference for a reliable in-store experience is evidenced in the flagship project from retail juggernaut, Amazon, who in 2018 opened its flagship automated store, Amazon Go. In this Seattle-based store, customers could browse products, select their items and then pay with zero need to checkout or interact with any employees. Customers embraced this simpler way of shopping, too, with the project generating roughly $1.5 million per year in revenue. It has been so successful, in fact, that an additional 3,000 smart stores are planned for construction across the country, with a sales forecast of $4.5 billion by the end of 2021.

With this monumental figure in mind, it’s clear that there’s potential for a significant return on investment through the implementation of smart stores. Thankfully, the conversion from a traditional store format to an automated store is no longer out of reach for smaller retail companies. This is because of the emergence of providers who are able to retrofit stores of any size with the required technological infrastructure for automation. By doing so, they are able to offer a similar experience and the same benefits as larger retailers.

Although transitioning from a traditional store format to one where cashiers are no longer required may be an intimidating prospect for many smaller retail businesses, the benefits of making the switch far outweigh the risks. Through retrofitting stores with AI and machine learning infrastructure, businesses of any size can maximize their profits through the reduction of employee overheads and simplify internal processes such as stock analysis and management, all while enhancing customer experience. Considering these benefits, it’s just a matter of time until this contactless, automated shopping experience becomes the norm.

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The importance of communicating with retail store associates about your business products

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When it comes to growing sales through retail stores, manufacturers have countless avenues to invest time and resources — execute awareness-building campaigns, develop exciting point of sale, or increase promotional frequency and depth, to name a few. When executed well, any of these programs can have a valuable effect on sales, but it is important to never overlook the importance of partnering with retail store associates to ensure they are fully educated about your product, its use cases and typical customer questions.

Retail store associates represent an extension of your sales and marketing team; if you take the time to educate them and open up a line of communication, associates can help dramatically increase trial and awareness in a variety of ways. Here are four reasons that you should be investing time and resources in educating retail store associates.

1. Retail store associates are the final gatekeepers between a customer and a purchase.

You probably know your product like the back of your hand — you can address any objection that might come up in the buying process, and you can recite answers to FAQs in your sleep. Unfortunately, you can’t be in every store that your product is merchandised.

Instead, it is the retail store associates who are left fielding questions from customers when they are closest to buying. By providing associates with regular and simple training materials, you are effectively multiplying your knowledge across the buying universe. While you can’t be in every store, you can better extend your knowledge by taking the time to create simple training materials that can be disseminated to store associates.

2. Retail store associates represent trusted advisers to their customers and can be an extension of your sales team.

People expect associates to have intimate knowledge about the products and categories within their stores. Consider a situation where a customer is exploring a new category of dog food — they might turn to an associate and ask what product they recommend. Do you think the associate is more likely to recommend a product that they have a deep understanding of, or would they take a risk recommending products that they don’t not know much about?

Even if the other product is better, the associate is likely to recommend the product they know because it limits the risk they expose themselves to in a recommendation. By taking the time to educate your associates, you are ensuring they can speak credibly about your brand when the time comes.

3. Education opens the opportunity to receive feedback from the field.

By partnering with retailers to educate their teams, you open a valuable communications channel with the associates. This relationship becomes critical when evaluating the effectiveness of promotions, product design and positioning.

For example, think about a time that you were a customer and asked an associate about a new product — if you decided to not buy, did you give them a reason why you weren’t interested? If you were evaluating dog food, you might have been concerned that your dog wouldn’t like the taste or questioned the quality of ingredients.

These objections are critical for brands to know. By sharing educational materials with retailers, associates should be better able to address these objections in the first place, but they will also be more apt to sharing feedback like this with you down the line.

4. Education amplifies the effects of any promotion.

Ultimately, education should be a part of every business’ annual plan. Taking the time to educate associates, regardless of the medium, demonstrates a shared investment in the success of the stores. This time and attention create a greater willingness for associates to execute against plans and promotions that you run throughout the year, increasing ROI with no additional cost outside of the time and resources it takes to create educational materials.

Taking the time to educate and communicate clearly with your retail partners is a valuable tool that is often overlooked by many manufacturers. Companies that partner with stores can reap the benefits of increased trial, awareness and feedback from the associates who are operating most closely to consumers.

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10 holiday gift ideas for busy executives

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For most busy executives, work hasn’t slowed during the pandemic, in fact, it’s likely to have increased. A study by Bupa Global, an international health insurer, found that 8 out of 10 business executives have experienced fatigue, disturbed sleep, and a host of other pressures as a result of COVID-19.

So, when considering holiday gifts for these busy execs, consider items that can make their work — and lives — easier.

1. A Healthy Workspace

Sitting is the new smoking, and busy executives sitting for 8 hours a day face an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Standing desks are one option, but if they already have desk, the Flexispot AlcoveRise Standing Desk Converter fits on top of the existing desk, and can raise the work space up to 19.7” higher, which allows them to stand as they work.

When execs are ready to sit back down, the Vari Task Chair has a pivoting backrest that provides lumbar support, and a breathable reinforced mesh back. The chair also swivels, and is easy to assemble.

2. Desktop Essentials

Your busy executive can work easier and be productive with the right tools. The AUZAI Portable Monitor creates a second screen when working on a laptop, tablet, or phone. It comes with a leather stand, and has a screen protector film. The Das Model S Professional Keyboard is a German engineered mechanical keyboard the provides faster and more accurate typing. The glossy black keyboard works with either a PC or Mac.

3. Backpacks and Carrying Cases

For busy executives with a casual style, the Ogio Alpha Convoy Rolltop Backpack is durable and waterproof, with zippered pockets large enough for a 15” laptop and also a tablet. In addition, it has two bottle pockets, adjustable straps, and a luggage handle pass-through.

The Chrome Citizen Messenger Bag, made of nylon and leather, has a weatherproof tarp liner and durable nylon shell. It can hold up to a 17” laptop, and the ergonomic shoulder strap has a quick-release seat belt buckle. Andar’s Leather MacBook Case is customed designed for 2016-20 MacBooks. It easily snaps onto the top and bottom of the laptop and has cut out vents to prevent overheating. In addition to brown, it’s available in black, navy, and camel.

4. Attaches and Hybrid Handbags

For executives who prefer more polished storage and transportation solutions, the Solo New York Fifth Avenue Attache is sure to make a great first impression. The aluminum case has a padded 18.3” laptop compartment and dual combination locks. There’s also an interior organizer section, and the case has a sturdy handle and corner guard protectors.

The Shay Bandolier Bag has 6 components for 11 interchangeable looks. The black leather bag has a crossbody leather strap and can also be carried with the gold chain. There’s also a separate phone case with a shorter leather handle strap and a gold chain. However, the straps for each can be used interchangeably.

5. Desktop Speakers

Did you know that listening to music can contribute to productivity? Creative T100 Compact Speakers are ultra slim, so they won’t take up much space on your executive’s desk. They feature wireless Bluetooth 5.0 and can also play songs directly from USB flash drives. A standard audio cable can be used for analog devices.

The Marshall Kilburn II Bluetooth Speaker is another desktop option. At 5.5 pounds, it’s lightweight but loud, with multidirectional sound. The carrying strap allows the speaker, which has 20 hours of portable playtime, to be carried anywhere, and the water-resistant design and flush mounted corner caps ensure the speaker’s durability.

6. Wearable Wellness

It’s a house shoe … it’s a sneaker … it’s both! Deckers X Lab Ko-Z Slippers are comfortable as house shoes or slippers but the Ecotan sheepskin and Ecotan cow suede leather shoes perform like sneakers. They’re naturally thermoregulated to keep feet at the ideal temperature in every season and are designed for men and women.

The Withings Steel HR Sport Hybrid Smartwatch can help executives stay healthy by measuring how many steps they walk or run, monitor the user’s heart rate, and it’s also waterproof so they can even track swimming. The smartwatch also monitors sleep cycles, has a silent vibrating alarm, and a single battery charge can last up to 25 days.

7. Workout Earbuds

Whether your busy executive is trying to block out noise while working, or needs portable headphones while working out, the Urbanista London Wireless Earbuds have touch control, voice control, and active noise cancelling. They also have a 25-hour battery life, wireless charging, and are water resistant.

The Powerbeats Pro Wireless Earphones are sweat- and water-resistant, and have adjustable secure-fit earhooks for comfort and stability. There are dual audio controls on each earbud, and the earphones provide up to 24 hours of listening time with the charging case.

If your executive prefers neckband headphones, the Aurvana Trio Wireless Neckband Headphones are designed to be comfortable when worn for long periods of time, and have 20 hours of playtime. The noise isolating headphones can also switch seamlessly between devices to listen to music or take phone calls.

8. Video/Camera Gear

Working from home, busy executives may need to take their video and photography skills to the next level. The Creative Live! Camera plugs into a USB port and works within seconds for Zoom, Skype, Messenger, Microsoft Teams, and Cisco WebEx. It has built-in microphones, tilts 360 degrees horizontally and 30 degrees vertically, mounts on laptops and desktop monitors or can be used with a tripod.

The Zhiyun Smooth SX Gimbal stabilizes smartphones for taking photos and videos. It is compatible with both iPhones and Androids and uses gesture control. The gimbal can be used as a handheld (and includes a hand strap) or mounted on the included tripod.

When execs just want to have fun, the Fujifilm Instax Square Instant Film Camera has a selfie mode and selfie mirror, in addition to a landscape mode and also a macro mode for close range subjects. The camera has a light, normal and dark mode, in addition to three flash color filters. Film develops in approximately 90 seconds.

9. Fresh Air

Now that executives are spending more time indoors, it’s important to monitor indoor air quality. The Airthings Wave Plus Radon and Air Quality Monitor connects wirelessly when in range with your phone. Using the Airthings app, the dashboard shows the result of the six sensors that monitor radon, carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds. Temperature, air pressure, and humidity levels are also monitored.

The Oransi mod HEPA Air Purifier uses a medical grade True HEPA filter to remove dust, pollen, mold, pet dander, smoke, VOC, and other allergens. It can quietly purify large areas up to 1,250 square feet, making it ideal for medium to large rooms. Some air purifiers are difficult to operate, but it has simple, intuitive controls, and the recessed handle makes it easy to carry.

10. Kitchen Help

Before the pandemic, many executives probably ate most of their meals during business meetings in restaurants. However, now that they’re spending more time at home, they’ll appreciate meals that require a minimum amount of effort — and hopefully, are also healthy.

The Philips Premium Airfryer XXL, can deep fry foods with 90% less fat, using fat reduction technology that removes and captures excess fat. And even though it’s a fryer, the appliance can also bake, grill, roast, reheat, dehydrate and roast. Another countertop appliance that makes cooking a breeze is the Instant Omni Plus Air Fryer Toaster Oven. It can roast an entire chicken using the included rotisserie accessories, bake and reheat pizza, proof cinnamon rolls, and has 11 smart functions, including toast, slow cook, convect, broil, and reheat.

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Can pandemic-surviving shopping malls actually thrive?

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The coronavirus pandemic has hit U.S. shopping malls particularly hard. Shopping malls — by definition and function — have numerous stores in close vicinity to each other. Typically, that creates a convenient shopping experience, as consumers can easily travel from one store to the next.

But in our current environment, proximity is a negative attribute. Can shopping malls survive the pandemic and actually prosper on the other side?

The perfect storm

“The COVID-19 pandemic has dealt a big blow to shopping malls, which have already been struggling in recent years,” says Jie Zhang, Ph.D., professor of marketing, and Harvey Sanders Fellow of Retail Management at the University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business.

Shopping malls are nonessential businesses, and as such, many local and state governments ordered them shuttered. “As many mall-based retailers struggle with cash flow, even a few months of business closing could push some out of business,” Zhang explains. “In fact, some already have to defer their rent payments, which is causing an immediate impact on shopping mall operators.”

Some malls remained open, although many individual tenants were closed. And now, many malls around the country are cautiously reopening. “While I expect many shopping malls will eventually weather the storm, unfortunately some of them will not be able to survive, let alone, recover,” Zhang says.

Her view is shared by Patrick Carroll, CEO and founder of CARROLL Org, a billion-dollar real estate investment company headquartered in Atlanta. “I think shopping malls will be very lucky if they can make it through this pandemic — and most will not make it,” he says. “The smaller tenants that filled a good portion of the malls will be hardest hit, but the bigger risk will be the loss of key anchors such as Neiman Marcus and Macy’s.”

Carroll thinks it will be a long time before shopping in an enclosed environment will be appealing to consumers.

Malls and department stores were already in trouble. In 2019, over 9,300 retailers closed stores, according to Coresight Research. And a Credit Suisse report projected store closures would cause up to 25% of malls to go out of business by 2022. Also, pre-COVID-19 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted at least a 2% decline in job demand for retail sales workers.

The way back

However, Zhang doesn’t consider the situation to be entirely dismal. “Those retailers and shopping malls that use the current crisis as a catalyst to transform themselves are much more likely to bounce back and thrive,” she says. “For example, the unique nature of this pandemic has created unprecedented demand for online shopping and home deliveries, which forces many retailers to quickly enhance their e-commerce and logistic capabilities.”

And making improvements to their e-commerce infrastructure could be quite beneficial in the long term. “It would enable them to embrace the online shopping trend and incorporate that into omnichannel strategies that would also benefit their brick-and-mortar stores and shopping malls,” Zhang explains. “Those shopping malls that are already putting innovative measures in place to enhance their appeals are also more likely to benefit from pent-up demand, especially for entertainment and hedonic products, once the coronavirus situation subsides.”

She says malls need both short-term and long-term plans to lure customers back. “In the short term, shopping malls need to implement strong measures to ensure the health safety of shoppers and their employees, and effectively communicate to customers about those measures.”

In the longer term, Zhang recommends that malls continue to enhance their amenities, and she says it’s a good idea to strengthen the entertainment and recreational appeals of their facilities. “Leveraging the social and experiential aspects of customer experiences will be the key for shopping malls to succeed in competing with online retailing and free-standing discount retailers.”

Kevin McGowan is the president of McGowan Corporate Real Estate Advisors in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He predicts that there will continue to be grocery-anchored retail centers — but drive-thru pickup might become the norm instead of the exception.

“For the other retail centers that are not grocery-anchored but are anchored by retailers that will not survive being crushed by Amazon, there will be repurposing,” he says. “Recently I read about a shopping center in Georgia that was rezoned to be a warehouse for last mile delivery.” He predicts more shopping centers will become online fulfillment centers.

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Mastering the customer apology in time for the holiday shopping season

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The retail service apology is a delicate thing. From how it should be delivered to when it should be done, saying sorry is not as simple as it seems. In anticipation of the upcoming holiday shopping season, here are a few things to consider about why and how to apologize to customers.

The five-letter S word

The idea that an ill-timed or poorly delivered apology can have a negative effect is not limited to Seinfeld episodes. A working paper by Basil Halperin, referenced in the recent issue of Harvard Business Review magazine, indicates that, in some cases, apologizing multiple times is worse than not apologizing at all.

Further, it seems that what was said in the apology was less relevant than whether the customer received a corresponding coupon. In fact, Halperin’s research indicates that those who received an apology and a coupon actually increased their spending.

As retail leaders, how do we balance the positive implications of saving a customer with the costs associated with figuring out how, when and how much of a coupon to provide?

The one-ounce prevention

Most roads regarding customer service excellence lead back to either Nordstrom or Zappos. Both organizations are renowned for their ability to attract and retain loyal customers by giving customers what they want. Just like an apology, though, giving a customer what she wants is not as simple as it sounds.

Instead, practically speaking, preventing the issue warranting an apology is a great first step. Using last year’s holiday data and any recent service trends, leaders can narrow down a list of the most common problems their front-line teams are addressing in-person, on the phone or online.

With that short list, we can set out brief, targeted scenarios to help service representatives work through potential issues. While we may not all be able to empower seasonal support to use their best judgment at all times, we can give them simple scripts to follow to avoid common problems.

The one-pound cure

Shy of addressing every problem before it happens, we can also prepare our virtual, voice and in-person teams to address unforeseen issues with equally simple tools. For example, in their research on gratitude, Francesca Gino (Harvard Business School) and Adam Grant (Wharton), explain the myriad benefits of thanking people.

Gratitude, as they explain, helps the person who is thanked and the person who thanked her. It also helps people in the future who are served by the person who was thanked. Further, those who took the time to list all the things for which they were thankful were more attentive when serving others.

Again, practically speaking, how do we apply all this thankfulness on the ground during the holiday season? With simple, repeatable options.

For example, service reps can be asked to make short lists of things for which they are grateful before they start their shift. Leaders should be asked to stop by team members desks and acknowledge what they are doing and its importance to the business.

Teams should be provided goals or scripts that emphasize appreciating the customer in a genuine way, from acknowledging the time it took to come to the store to the opportunity they have provided us to address the problem. The proactive approach to gratefulness sets the stage for a positive response to issues.

The bottom line is, by keeping it simple and repeatable, we can set our front lines up for success this holiday season.

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All eyes on ‘very low GWP’ HFOs in the UK

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Refrigeration experts in the U.K. have called for the industry to embrace the potential of “lower flammability” hydrofluoro-olefin (HFO) blends, as the F-Gas regulations continue to drive the European market towards lower-carbon solutions — and as the Kigali amendment begins to do the same for the global market.

The call has been driven by supermarket giant Asda (part of the Walmart group), which has successfully conducted an in-store installation with the refrigerant R454A, an HFO with a Global Warming Potential (GWP) of 238.

The installation is being hailed by Asda as a “world-first” in that not only has the retailer reduced its GWP, but it has achieved operational costs better than the available alternatives, such as CO2.

It is the first use in a supermarket refrigeration setting of the “very low-GWP” HFO blends that are classified as A2L or “lower flammability.”

The use of the phrase “very low GWP” is being coined for refrigerants that are only slightly outside the “ultra-low” designation of under 150 GWP.

The store in Trafford Park, Manchester, U.K., has been hailed by Asda’s head of construction and design standards Brian Churchyard as the “world’s first truly commercially viable [retail refrigeration] HFO system.”

The move is expected to have consequences for the wider industry because Asda has announced its willingness to use its work on the development of the A2L system as the platform for an industrywide standard.

Speaking at RAC’s F-Gas Question Time on Oct. 9, he said: “Our aim is to create an A2L design standard over time so any lower flammability HFO can be used…As an industry we need to appreciate that what the F-Gas regulations have given us are refrigerant options that are either flammable, toxic or explosive, so we need to mitigate the risks.”

The R454A system at Trafford Park consists of a medium temperature application under 40 kW in capacity and below the 54 kg charge limit required by European Standard EN 378, and a low temperature application of around 15 kW capacity with an 11 kg refrigerant charge.

Asda’s confidence that it has the blueprint for an A2L refrigeration system stems from the fact that the Manchester installation has only come about after comprehensive trialing on a test installation at its Leeds site. It field-tested the HFO against other refrigerant options, including its existing standard and alternatives such as carbon dioxide.

He said the key was that even with “belt and braces” mitigation of the lower flammability aspect of the HFO, the system has been achieved at a significantly lower cost versus against the alternative F-gas compliant refrigeration systems trialed by Asda over the past decade.

He said: “Further energy savings have been achieved, verified through independent evaluation, and the maintenance requirements are very familiar for the existing service engineering base.” The system reliability and safety performance are expected to mirror the retailer’s current 99.96% uptime.

One key aspect of HFO refrigeration systems is to mitigate for the risks of the A2L refrigerant. Asda has initially taken a conservative approach, Churchyard said: “As no design standard exists for commercial refrigeration using an A2L, we treated it as if it was A3 [‘flammable’, such as propane and other hydrocarbon refrigerants].”

But as the development of the system continued, Asda assembled what it describes as “a large compendium of technical detail and data, trial findings and next steps.”

He said this data has proved vital: “Asda and its technical partners are now able to confidently assess where they can safely and viably align this standard to a 2L equivalent. It is important to stress that my objective isn’t working to an R45A standard, it’s a standard for A2Ls.”

Churchyard said that the intention is to give the finished A2L standard to the Institute of Refrigeration for it to be disseminated as an industry guide for a best practice.

He said: “It is important to state that Asda is technology agnostic. This is a solution that works for our operational model now. We believe there is no single refrigerant product that offers a solution for everything.”

The retailer is also proclaiming success with another “disruptive” innovation: its Mistral-ducted display case system, which replaces refrigerant pipework with ductwork distributing cold air to the cases. The system promises to save significant time and money in maintenance.

Churchyard said: “For instance, the removal of sales floor condensate drains has eliminated a known hazard and almost all serviceable parts have been removed from the display case.”

As it rolls out the system, it has achieved 50% savings in maintenance costs, Churchyard claims, along with 40% lower refrigerant gas charge and, most significantly, an 11% reduction in energy use.

He added: “Energy consumption is key to the retailer. Around 50% of our consumption is down to refrigeration — that is by quite a long way the biggest energy user.”

A further element in Asda’s refrigeration strategy is demand side management — shutting down and restarting refrigeration systems when required, which both supports grid balancing and saves money. This initiative currently creates up to 20 MW of “virtual power,” which can support up to 80,000 homes, Churchyard said. Asda’s aim is to double this in 2020.

As the F-Gas regulation continues with annual reductions in the “quota” of HFCs available to the market — and similar reductions start to be brought in globally under the Kigali amendments — and the drive continues towards lowering GWP of refrigerants, the cooling industry has been urged to focus on reducing the energy consumption of the system.

Consultant Ray Gluckman told the F-Gas Question Time audience: “It is vital to have a balance between energy consumption and direct emissions. There is no point in having systems with reduced GWP, if the energy goes up in the process.”

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How do you help staff climb a career ladder when there isn’t one?

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One of the issues that concerns small retailers is staff turnover. Human resources is the largest expenditure a retailer has to contend with, and when you add the cost of training and a less-efficient employee during training, you want to do everything you can to reduce turnover.

But turnover is especially problematic when your staff consists mostly of entry-level employees earning minimum wage or close to that: cashiers, stockers, floor clerks, etc. What career ladder is there to motivate a cashier to stay cashiering at one store? The prospect of one day possibly getting promoted to head cashier, if there is such a position? And then what?

It doesn’t seem like much of a future or hope for a better job.

I think that’s why I’ve seen cashiers move about from one store to another, but always in a cashier position. Some retailer dangles a carrot of $0.25 more per hour, and it seems like a promotion, like you’ve somehow climbed another rung on the success ladder.

But of course, that’s not the case. It’s the same job at a different place, and that’s where that person stays until a “better offer” comes along for 10 or 20 cents more per hour. Unhappy staffer and unhappy employer in a string of entry-level jobs.

There is a way out of this endless cycle for your entry-level employees. You might not have the kind of business structure that allows you to promote them on an actual career path, but perhaps you know another business colleague that does.

Remind these entry-level employees that their dedication to a job well done will further their career if they have aspirational ambitions. Perhaps their dream is cashiering today, veterinarian tomorrow. Let them know that you could recommend them to your colleagues for their work attributes, such as punctuality, dependability, initiative, collegiality, customer service, ethics, attention to details, stick-to-itness.

Those kinds of attributes are not task-dependent and are transferable to any career. Their work ethic in being the best cashier, for example, speaks volumes about their commitment to excellence, regardless of the industry that is their end goal.

Lest you think it sounds contradictory to help your employees realize a career path as a way of reducing turnover, accept that you will have turnover one way or another. But you can help determine whether that person stays one month or one year.

By and large, humans have an innate restlessness to find something better. By letting these employees know that their time with you will fulfill that longing in a productive way, you’ve elicited a better employee experience while that person is in your employ — and at the same time, you can feel a sense of gratification that you’ve touched someone’s life in a meaningful way and set them on the path of a better future.

I know one retailer who has hired plenty of young people and who is sincerely proud when they quit to attend higher learning, whether in a technical school or college. He honestly takes joy in their accomplishments.

What about the employees who have no end goal — the ones whose idea of a future career is which store they’re stocking on the midnight shift? Those are possibly the employees you can mentor, relating from your own experiences how one mundane job, well done, led to another and another.

Your life can be the example that when you’re serious about work, a career ladder is yours for the asking, waiting for you to create it, not have it handed to you.

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The folly of ‘they’re going to buy from someone; it may as well be you’

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When I was first starting out in sales many years ago, I was advised to regard every person I encountered as a viable sales prospect. It was just a matter of me persuasively demonstrating the benefits of what I had to sell that would convert them from looking to buying. Don’t discount anyone was the wisdom; they’re going to buy something from someone, so let it be you.

I was talking with a man who used to be a used car salesman. He, too, years ago was advised by his mentor in the business to aggressively approach every person kicking tires in the lot as a viable prospect. “They’re going to buy a car from someone, somewhere, so let it be you.”

Terrible advice. First of all, not everyone who is looking is really going to buy! Some people, and I know quite a few, just enjoy window shopping.

They have no intention of buying anything from anyone; their entertainment is to simply regard all the latest gadgets and widgets. That’s their form of entertainment. Period.

And while you’re wasting time trying to showcase the amazing benefits of a particular car — or a vacation package — to someone who has no serious interest in either, you could be missing out on the serious shopper who really does intend to buy and needs your advice on which product would best fit their needs.

Then there are those consumers who really do intend to buy but are not interested in the best product that meets their needs but the cheapest product. Those are the real time-wasters. They’ll fritter your time “picking your brains” to get the information they’re seeking, then likewise waste the time of all your competitors, too, until finally, they find it somewhere for the cheapest price, usually online. You’ve been used and have nothing to show for it.

When I get a phone call from a stranger, and the first words out of their mouth are, “Can I pick your brains on what might be a good honeymoon destination?” I know what they’re up to.

They plan on using me as a quick and free library resource so they can scout online for a cheap price my suggested destinations and hotels (without figuring in the value of my expertise). I have learned to weed them out by offering a consultation for X amount of dollars. That usually brings about a quick end to my “brain picking.”

What about the consumers who show up and announce, “Who wants to sell me a car?” Uh, let me avoid the stampede. If “nobody” wants to sell him a car, it’s probably for a good reason — like he’s a pain to work with and/or he doesn’t have the ability to buy a snow cone.

I had a gal call me recently who whined, “no travel agent will call me back.” Why not? Travel agents are happy to work with serious future vacationers. I learned the hard way why nobody would call her back: she was more problem than she was worth — and rude to boot. I wish I had been smart enough to be one of those travel agents who hadn’t called her back!

The upshot is that there’s a difference between indiscriminately discounting a viable shopper and treating all potential encounters as worthy of pursuit. Your time, your frustration, and your livelihood depend on finding that balance.

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When you’re too keen to make a sale at any cost

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It’s happened to me, and maybe it’s happened to you. You’re so keen to make a sale that you overrule the warning signs your gut is giving you.

I recently fielded a phone call from a distressed woman who needed help planning a honeymoon, but no other travel agents would speak with her. My first thought was, “Are you that much of a pain in the neck that no one will talk with you?” And as fast as that thought entered my head, it fled. Why didn’t I listen to myself?

After a week of working with this woman, spending countless hours of revisions on a honeymoon for no ultimate payoff, I realized how much smarter the other travel agents were for bypassing this woman as a client. Why did I ignore my gut and work a week for free on this noncustomer?

Well, I thought I could make a sale where others couldn’t, frankly. So keen to make a sale that I forgot to consider whether I even wanted this woman as a client.

A local hardware store manager told me recently that she had spent a good hour explaining the workings of a high-end barbeque grill and smoker to a browsing, interested customer.

Answered all his questions. Gave him recipes. Detailed the differences between this model and that model. He said he would think about it while he was out of town for a couple of days.

He was a phony. He actually spent the next day shopping competitors. He called the store manager, and the first words out of his mouth were, “The store down the street is willing to give me this and that. What are you going to give me?”

The manager related to me that then and there she knew she should have told him to take the offer from the other store. But no, keen to make a sale, she added this perk and that one.

He ended up buying the product online from a competitor, not at the store where he had consumed so much energy. And yet, when he decided he didn’t like the product after all, he called this manager—from the store where he did not buy the item — to see if they would return it for him to save him shipping charges.

The manager said to me, “I knew he was going to be trouble as soon as he asked what we were going to do for him. Why did I go out of my way to help this noncustomer?”

Why indeed.

Maybe it’s the competitive spirit inherent in many entrepreneurs. That sense of accomplishment and fulfillment when you ace a sale, finalize a contract, surpass your sales goals.

Maybe it’s ego. That sense that I can accomplish what others can’t. That’s dangerous ground to be on as it can cloud your judgment, as it did me.

But when you’re keen to make a sale at any price, I’ve learned that “any price” can be too much to pay.

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